by Ehlimana Elma & Aida
The so-called ‘’Post-Alija’’ aesthetic represents the nationalist legacy of the first president of Bosnia and Herzegovina – Alija Izetbegović. His legacy is a country which is all but inclusive because war criminals are hailed as heroes. Alija himself is considered the father of the (Bosniak) nation, whose current leaders (following the nationalist footpaths of their Croatian and Serbian counterparts) prefer to pretend that ethnic minorities, the LGBTIQ population and persons with disabilities do not exist. The coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina (from 1992 – 1998) is based on a design found on a few Medieval stamps and coins. The primary intention behind the re-using of this coat of arms was to connect the newly independent Bosnia and Herzegovina to the Kingdom of Bosnia, to symbolize the revival of its statehood. It does at the same time not represent any ethnic group within Bosnia and Herzegovina in its design. Therefore, it was decided that the new symbol of Bosnia and Herzegovina should be the so-called ‘’Golden Lily’’ - dating back to the times of the Kingdom of Bosnia.
The original version of the 1992-1998 Bosnia and Herzegovina coat of arms is replaced by a version in which the famous Nike logo takes the place of the Golden Lily. The Golden Lily (Lilium bosniacum), apart from being a flower native to Bosnia, was the highest military decoration of the Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina during the war.
Bosnia and Herzegovina language politics
Sestre choose to use a logo in the Cyrillic script, so as to address the language policies in Bosnia and Herzegovina, where language is continuously being connected with the identity of one ethnic group. Both Latin and Cyrilic are official scripts of BiH and are seen as equal in the eyes of the constitution, but in real life, they come with heavy sets of political and national connotations and are never perceived in a vacuum. School curriculums are also biased when it comes to learning and studying in both scripts. Nationalist parties use language as a power tool, and language as such serves the powerful political elites in their aim to highlight differences, rather than similarities, between the members of the three constituent peoples.
Jezička politika u Bosni i Hercegovini
Sestre biraju natpis na ćirilici i samim tim adresiraju fašistoidnu jezičku politiku u Bosni i Hercegovini u kojoj jezik uporno pokušava da se poistovijeti sa identitetom jednoga naroda. Zvanična pisma u BiH su latinica i ćirilica. Iako Ustav garantuje njihovu ravnopravnu upotrebu, što se javnih natpisa tiče - u Federaciji BiH ćirilice gotovo da i nema, kao što nema latinice u Republici Srpskoj. Školski programi takođe nisu naklonjeni učenju i upotrebi oba pisma. Nacionalne stranke koje su na vlasti koriste jezik kao sredstvo moći, i jezik na takav način sam po sebi služi služi interesima političkih elita koje žele naglasiti razlike, a ne sličnosti, između pripadnika tri konstitutivna naroda.
Ehlimana Elma (1993, BIH) & Aida (1994, BIH) are both studying at the Faculty of Philosophy in Sarajevo – the Department of English Language and Literature.